Orthodontia is dentistry focused on studying and treating improper bites; tooth irregularities and disproportionate jaw relationships. Orthodontics is not covered by Medicare in Australia. This means you need to either pay out of pocket for care or purchase private health insurance that covers orthodontics.
- 1 What is Orthodontics?
- 2 What Do Orthodontists Treat?
- 3 Orthodontic Treatment for Kids
- 4 Orthodontic Treatment for Adults
- 5 Private Health Insurance and Orthodontia
- 6 Policy Limits and Waiting Periods
- 7 Are No Gap Policies Available?
What is Orthodontics?
Orthodontists diagnose and treat malocclusions, such as overbites and underbites. If teeth are irregular or the jaw is misaligned, an orthodontist provides corrective care. Braces are the best known type of treatment an orthodontist provides. However, other techniques may be used to move teeth including:
- Headgear, which includes a metal wire in the front face and a strap around the back.
- Aligners, which are an alternative to braces for adults.
- Lip and cheek bumpers designed to relieve pressure on the teeth.
- Retainers, which stop teeth from moving back after other appliances are used
- Palate expanders, which make the upper jaw arch wider
An orthodontist will choose an appropriate treatment type after an exam and x-rays.
What Do Orthodontists Treat?
Orthodontics is intended to correct:
- Protruding front teeth
- Impacted teeth
- Crowding of teeth
- Teeth that are asymmetrical
- Overbites, reverse bites, cross bites and underbites
- Gaps and spaces between the teeth
Orthodontic Treatment for Kids
The Australian Society of Orthodontists indicates that the majority of orthodontic problems are apparent before a child enters their teens. Early treatment can prevent the development of more serious problems and can make treatment less complicated.
The fee for orthodontic treatment that includes both upper and lower braces typically varies from between $4500 to $8000 or higher.
Orthodontic Treatment for Adults
Orthodontic treatment can be successful for adults. However, because the facial bones stop growing once adulthood is reached, braces alone may not be sufficient to correct severe malocclusions (bite problems).
Jaw surgeries in combination with braces and other orthodontic treatments can achieve results for most adult orthodontic problems. Costs for adult dental treatment can be higher than for children. A written treatment plan is required and must be submitted to a health fund to determine coverage. The plan should include:
- How long the treatment will take.
- The dental item number identifying the proposed treatment.
- Total costs associated with completing the treatment plan.
- how the treatment will be paid for.
Options such as Invisalign braces are available for adults who wish to correct bite problems but who are embarrassed about visible braces.
Private Health Insurance and Orthodontia
The type(s) of orthodontic treatments covered by health insurance varies depending upon the policy. To obtain cover, you will need an Extras policy that covers Major Dental. General Dental covers things like teeth cleaning, small filings and dental x-rays. Major Dental covers more advanced procedures including crowns, bridges, dentures, and orthodontic care.
Compare plans among different dental insurance providers to determine:
- What types of orthodontic treatments are covered.
- Who can provide treatment. Most health funds pay less for orthodontic treatment provided by a dentist than for an orthodontic specialist.
- What the lifetime limit is on orthodontic benefits. Once the limit is reached, benefits no longer re-accrue and you may not claim any further orthodontic benefits over your lifetime.
- What the waiting period is. Most health funds impose a 12-month waiting period.
- How quickly benefits accrue. Some policies have starting limits of cover, which increase each year after the initial 12 month waiting period. Annual benefits increase until the maximum benefit is reached. Other policies pay a fixed benefit per year.
Policy Limits and Waiting Periods
Twelve months is the standard waiting period to become eligible for any type of orthodontics benefits for adults or children. At the end of the waiting period, the amount of cover is determined based on whether you have an accrued benefit policy or a fixed benefit policy.
Accrued benefits policy base cover on the number of years you have had the plan. This chart shows how your cover limits for orthodontia may increase for each year you have your health plan after the waiting period. Cover will continue to increase until you have reached the maximum policy limits for orthodontics:
Accrued amounts are not transferrable. If you switch to a new health fund, you generally cannot move your accrued benefits and will have to start over with a base benefit. You should ask your health fund if they will recognize accrued benefits before making a switch, and take this into consideration when choosing new cover.
Are No Gap Policies Available?
No Gap dental cover is available through some health funds. These policies provide preventative dental treatment without out-of-pocket costs. However, no gap policies generally cover things like checkups, cleaning and scaling, fluoride treatments and x-rays. Orthodontics is not covered.
Orthodontics plans will provide rebates for care based on treatment plans, up to policy limits. Any additional funds must be paid out of pocket.